||Flooring (main) : Flooring articles : Parquetry flooring
Parquet flooring or parquetry is a specialised form of timber
flooring using small blocks or fingers of wood to create highly
There are two types of parquetry available:
Block parquetry - is made of individual blocks available in various
thicknesses. The most common size is 260mm x 65mm x 19mm
Mosaic parquetry - is small individual fingers supplied in a sheet
form. It is available in 9mm thickness making this a cheaper
alternative to block parquetry.
Both block and mosaic parquetry can be used to create almost
endless pattern ideas to suit your decor. However block parquetry
can be created into a wider variety of different patterns than
(Vinyl woodgrain 'planks' can be laid in designs to resemble
parquetry, although not as
Where Parquetry is Suitable
Parquet floors are best installed in a large formal area, such as a
dining room or formal lounge, where the beautiful, intricate
patterns can be seen to advantage.
Parquetry also looks striking in an entrance hall or foyer.
Installing Parquet Floors
As with timber floorboards, block and mosaic parquetry have to be installed over a
solid flat and stable foundation.
This makes parquetry a very durable and sound flooring option.
If parquetry is applied directly over a concrete slab, the slab must
level and have an epoxy membrane applied before the parquetry
is laid, to prevent moisture rising and causing the parquetry to
Finishes for Parquet Floors
There are three types of finish for use on timber floors:
- Solvent Borne polyurethane
(one pack, two pack and
moisture cured provide some of the hardest finishes available
today, with gloss levels from matt to a very high gloss.
Polyurethane finishes are resistant to abrasion, but may scratch
if care is not taken. They will generally darken over time. There
is generally a strong odour after sealing
- Water Borne polyurethane and polyurethane/acrylic
should be applied over a sealer which enhances the
colour of the timber. Acrylic is often added to water borne
finishes provide more body, but results in a softer, less wear-
resistant finish. Products with little or no acrylic provide a
flexible, hard-wearing surface. Finishes range from matt
through to high gloss and do not darken with time. There is little
odour with water borne finishes.
- Oil Based Finishes Varnishes
shellac and the traditional tung
oil, are still used, to recreate the effect of the polished and
waxed timber floors of the past. A softer finish, they require
much more maintenance, and provide a low-gloss sheen.
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